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In vitro effects of cisplatin-functionalized silica nanoparticles on chondrocytes

Bhowmick, Tridib Kumar and Yoon, Diana and Patel, Minal and Fisher, John and Ehrman, Sheryl (2010) In vitro effects of cisplatin-functionalized silica nanoparticles on chondrocytes. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12 (8). pp. 2757-2770.

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In this study, we evaluated the combined effect of a known toxic molecule, cisplatin, in combination with relatively nontoxic nanoparticles, amorphous fumed silica, on chondrocyte cells. Cisplatin was attached to silica nanoparticles using aminopropyltriethoxy silane as a linker molecule, and characterized in terms of size, shape, specific surface area, as well as the dissolution of cisplatin from the silica surface. The primary particle diameter of the as-received silica nanoparticles ranged from 7.1 to 61 nm, estimated from measurements of specific surface area, and the primary particles were aggregated. The effects of cisplatin-functionalized silica particles with different specific surface areas (41, 85, 202, 237, and 297 m2/g) were compared in vitro on chondrocytes, the parenchymal cell of hyaline cartilage. The results show that adverse effects on cell function, as evidenced by reduced metabolic activity measured by the MTT assay and increased membrane permeability observed using the Live/Dead stain, can be correlated with specific surface area of the silica. Cisplatin-functionalized silica nanoparticles with the highest specific surface area incited the greatest response, which was almost equivalent to that induced by free cisplatin. This result suggests the importance of particle specific surface area in interactions between cells and surface-functionalized nanomaterials.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:9945
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:14 Jan 2011 07:18
Last Modified:14 Jan 2011 07:18

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