Nano Archive

Phase transition of BiVO4 nanoparticles in molten salt and the enhancement of visible-light photocatalytic activity

Li, Chunguang and Pang, Guangsheng and Sun, Shangmei and Feng, Shouhua (2010) Phase transition of BiVO4 nanoparticles in molten salt and the enhancement of visible-light photocatalytic activity. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12 (8). pp. 3069-3075.

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Abstract

BiVO4 nanoparticles are prepared by molten salt method. Tetragonal BiVO4 completely transforms tomonoclinic phase after heating inmolten LiNO3 at 270 C for 18 h. The average particle sizes of monoclinic BiVO4 varied from 30 to 52 nm while the initial ratio of BiVO4 to LiNO3 changes from 1:6 to 1:24. The photocatalytic activity is evaluated by measuring decolorization of N,N,N0,N0-tetraethylated rhodamine dye solution under visible-light irradiation. Both of the de-ethylation and chromophore cleavage are responsible for the decolorization of RB. The sample with an average particle size of 52 nm and a moderate surface area of 10 m2 /g exhibit the highest visible-light photocatalytic activity. The shift of Raman peak position indicates that the symmetry distortions in the local structure of the monoclinic BiVO4. The variations of the local structure result in the modification of the electronic structure, which is responsible for the high visible-light photocatalytic activity.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:9916
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:14 Jan 2011 07:00
Last Modified:14 Jan 2011 07:00

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