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Elaboration and characterization of bimetallic nanoparticles obtained by laser ablation of Ni75Pd25 and Au75Ag25 targets in water

Mahfouz, R. and Cadete Santos Aires, F. J. and Brenier, A. and Ehret, E. and Roumie, M. and Nsouli, B. and Jacquier, B. and Bertolini, J. C. (2010) Elaboration and characterization of bimetallic nanoparticles obtained by laser ablation of Ni75Pd25 and Au75Ag25 targets in water. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12 (8). pp. 3123-3136.

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Abstract

A YAG laser operating at the second harmonic wavelength (532 nm, 10 Hz, 8 ns and 40 mJ) was used to elaborate bimetallic nanoparticles by laser ablation of Ni75Pd25 and Au75Ag25 targets in water. TEM–EDX, UV–Vis spectroscopy and PIXE measurements were performed to obtain information on their mean sizes, size distributions and chemical composition as a function of the time of laser ablation.The surface of the laser impacted regions of the targets were characterized by RBS in order to check their composition after the laser ablation. The so-obtained bimetallic nanoparticles always show a homogeneous composition. However, while the com-position of Au–Ag nanoparticles was found to be very similar to the one of the alloy target, the composition of the Ni–Pd nanoparticles can be different from the nominal composition of the alloy target. Segregation phenomena can be invoked to explain the difference between the Ni–Pd nanoparticles and the Au–Ag nanoparticles compositions obtained in the same conditions. However, an influence of chemical reac-tions occurring in the high pressure plasma created locally at liquid–solid interface (called ‘reactive quenching’) cannot be completely ruled out.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:9911
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:14 Jan 2011 06:49
Last Modified:14 Jan 2011 06:49

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