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Dimensional Effects on Densities of States and Interactions in Nanostructures

Dick, Rainer (2010) Dimensional Effects on Densities of States and Interactions in Nanostructures. Nanoscale Research Letters, 5 (10). pp. 1546-1554.

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Abstract

We consider electrons in the presence of interfaces with different effective electron mass, and electromagnetic fields in the presence of a high-permittivity interface in bulk material. The equations of motion for these dimensionally hybrid systems yield analytic expressions for Green's functions and electromagnetic potentials that interpolate between the two-dimensional logarithmic potential at short distance, and the three-dimensional r(-1) potential at large distance. This also yields results for electron densities of states which interpolate between the well-known two-dimensional and three-dimensional formulas. The transition length scales for interfaces of thickness L are found to be of order Lm/2m* for an interface in which electrons move with effective mass m(*), and L epsilon(*)=2 epsilon for a dielectric thin film with permittivity epsilon(*) in a bulk of permittivity epsilon. We can easily test the merits of the formalism by comparing the calculated electromagnetic potential with the infinite series solutions from image charges. This confirms that the dimensionally hybrid models are excellent approximations for distances r greater than or similar to L/2.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:9870
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:28 Dec 2010 13:01
Last Modified:28 Dec 2010 13:01

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