Kamarulzaman, M.M and Halim, S.A. and Adam, M.I and Faisal, M.A.M (2010) Structure and Superconductivity in YBa2Cu3O7- delta with Additives of Nano-Sm2O3. AIP Conference Proceedings . ISSN 0094-243X
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The effects of small concentration of nanometer (<or= 25 nm) Sm2O3 particle addition on the structure, microstructure and superconductivity of YBCO have been studied. Polycrystalline samples were synthesized through solid state reaction by adding Sm2O3 in x wt.% (x = 0.0-0.6). The phase formation of all samples has been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and detailed crystal structure analysis was carried out using a Rietveld refinement technique. The results revealed that only YBCO single phase reflection is observed for samples with x ≤ 0.3 wt. % and 211 secondary phases is observed for samples with x >or= 0.4 wt. % and no orthorhombic-to-tetragonal transition occurred. Sm3+ was found to incorporate into the crystal structure and could occupy both in Y- and Ba-sites. As the Sm2O3 concentration increased, Tc-zero value determined by four point probe technique decreases linearly from 89 K (x = 0.0) to 81 K (x = 0.6). It seems that the suppression of Tc-zero may relate to the decrease of the hole concentrations.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||superconductivity; particle addition; microstructure; polycrystalline samples; solid state reaction; phase formation; X-ray diffraction; XRD; crystal structure analysis; Rietveld refinement technique; single-phase reflection; four point probe technique; hole concentration; YBCO-Sm2O3|
|Subjects:||Material Science > Nanostructured materials|
|Deposited On:||25 Sep 2010 11:15|
|Last Modified:||25 Sep 2010 11:15|
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