Shrair, Jamal S. (2009) Can Solid-State Nuclear Fusion Reactor be the Ultimate Green Energy Solution? 1 INFINITE ENERGY (88).
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INTRODUCTION We all know that palladium is an ideal material to study hydrogen storage kinetics because its bulk hydride properties are well characterized Pd absorbs hydrogen gas up to 900 times its volume. Furthermore, recent investigations have shown that the rate of hydrogen trapping inside Pd is even higher in the case of Pd nanoparticles. Hydrogen atoms are strongly trapped and stabilized in the lattice of Pd nanoparticles, compared to bulk Pd. The benefit of studying and modifying the surface of nanoparticles Pd and other large surface area nanoparticles can lead to better understanding of nuclear transmutation reactions in solids heavily loaded with H, D or both. The phenomenon is known as Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR). Since 1989 and particularly in the last two years different research groups around the world have reported undisputable evidence on the presence of nuclear reactions in the Pd/D lattice. It was unfortunate that Fleischmann and Pons who were the first to observe LENR in 1989 made serious mistakes by exaggerating their results and added wild extrapolations, nevertheless, they were not wrong with regard to their finding of excess heat, which has now been validated by so many research groups worldwide,like the valuable results that have been achieved by the USA Navy Researchers ,Yasuhiro Iwamura of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and specially the results of Yoshiaki Arata and Yue Chang Zhang. However, by comparing the results and methods of these experiments, it seems that there is a better experimental approach to increase the reaction rates of this process and obtain clear and sound results. LENR is surface dependent phenomena. Thus, in order to increase the reaction rate and have a suitable process from a practical point of view, one has to focus on the surface area and try to create the right environment. Better results can be obtained by comparing the surface reactivity of different materials, different size nanoparticles, in a new experimental configuration /Laser-Driven Solid-State Nuclear Reactor/. In addition to the above, better experimental results can lead to formulating a theoretical model for nuclear transmutation reactions in solids. I believe there are certain conditions that can be created which might bring the ions of H/D isotopes at distances of a few Fermi so the spontaneous fusion rate would increase considerably.
|Subjects:||Physical Science > Nanophysics|
Technology > Nanotechnology and energy applications
|Deposited By:||Lesley Tobin|
|Deposited On:||13 Sep 2010 14:18|
|Last Modified:||14 Sep 2010 00:11|
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