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Facile synthesis of porous carbon nitride spheres with hierarchical three-dimensional mesostructures for CO2 capture

Li, Qiang and Yang, Jianping and Feng, Dan and Wu, Zhangxiong and Wu, Qingling and Park, Sung Soo and Ha, Chang-Sik and Zhao, Dongyuan (2010) Facile synthesis of porous carbon nitride spheres with hierarchical three-dimensional mesostructures for CO2 capture. Nano Research, 3 (9). pp. 632-642.

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Porous carbon nitride (CN) spheres with partially crystalline frameworks have been successfully synthesized via a nanocasting approach by using spherical mesoporous cellular silica foams (MCFs) as a hard template, and ethylenediamine and carbon tetrachloride as precursors. The resulting spherical CN materials have uniform diameters of ca. 4 μm, hierarchical three-dimensional (3-D) mesostructures with small and large mesopores with pore diameters centered at ca. 4.0 and 43 nm, respectively, a relatively high BET surface area of ~550 m2/g, and a pore volume of 0.90 cm3/g. High-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) images, wide-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns, and Raman spectra demonstrate that the porous CN material has a partly graphitized structure. In addition, elemental analyses, X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS), Fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR), and CO2 temperature-programmed desorption (CO2-TPD) show that the material has a high nitrogen content (17.8 wt%) with nitrogen-containing groups and abundant basic sites. The hierarchical porous CN spheres have excellent CO2 capture properties with a capacity of 2.90 mmol/g at 25 °C and 0.97 mmol/g at 75 °C, superior to those of the pure carbon materials with analogous mesostructures. This can be mainly attributed to the abundant nitrogen-containing basic groups, hierarchical mesostructure, relatively high BET surface area and stable framework. Furthermore, the presence of a large number of micropores and small mesopores also enhance the CO capture performance, owing to the capillary condensation effect.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:9612
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:24 Sep 2010 12:20
Last Modified:24 Sep 2010 12:20

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