Nano Archive

Synthesis of nanoparticles and its effect on properties of elastomeric nanocomposites

Shimpi, N. G. and Mishra, S. (2010) Synthesis of nanoparticles and its effect on properties of elastomeric nanocomposites. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12 (6). pp. 2093-2099.

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Abstract

Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) nanoparticles (9, 15, and 21 nm) were synthesized by solution spray of CaCl2 and NH4HCO3 with sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) as a stabilizing agent, and their effect was studied on polybutadiene rubber (PBR) with variations in wt% loading (4, 8, and 12%). The results of PBR nanocomposites were compared with commercial CaCO3 (40 μm) and fly ash (75 μm) filled PBR microcomposites. Properties such as tensile strength, young modulus, elongation at break, glass transition temperature, decomposition temperature, and abrasion resistances were determined. Profound effect in properties was observed, because nanometric size of CaCO3 particles synthesized using solution spray technique. Maximum improvement in mechanical and flame retarding properties was observed at 8 wt% of filler loading. This increment in properties was more pronounced in 9-nm size CaCO3. The results were not appreciable above 8 wt% of nanofillers because of agglomeration of nanoparticles. In addition, an attempt was made to consider modeling Young’s modulus of PBR–nano CaCO3 which was predicted by modified Halpin–Tsai equation. It was observed that the predication by the Guth equation and modified Halpin–Tsai equation agreed very well with experimental, whereas the Halpin–Tsai equation can only applied to predict the modulus of rubber nanocomposites in the range of low addition of nanofiller, which agrees the Nielsen equation.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Polybutadiene rubber - CaCO3 (nano and commercial) - Mechanical properties - Modeling Young’s modulus
Subjects:Material Science > Nanofabrication processes and tools
ID Code:9460
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:02 Aug 2010 17:17
Last Modified:02 Aug 2010 17:17

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