Nano Archive

An effective method to prepare polymer/nanocrystal composites with tunable emission over the whole visible light range

Wei, Haotong and Sun, Haizhu and Zhang, Hao and Gao, Cong and Yang, Bai (2010) An effective method to prepare polymer/nanocrystal composites with tunable emission over the whole visible light range. Nano Research, 3 (7). pp. 496-505.

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Abstract

Materials with emission over the whole visible range (400-800 nm) have been obtained through incorporating single-colored CdTe nanocrystals (NCs) into a poly(p-phenylene vinylene) (PPV) precursor [the sulfonium polyelectrolyte precursor of PPV]. Firstly, the quantum yield (QY) of the PPV precursor was improved to ∼50% via heat treatment of a mixed solution of the PPV precursor and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) at 100 °C for 3 min. Then, single-colored CdTe NCs were incorporated into the mixed solution. The introduction of the PVA was necessary to reduce the electrostatic interaction between the PPV precursor and CdTe NCs, which improved their compatibility. The reduced electrostatic interaction eliminated Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) processes between NCs, as well as between NCs and the PPV precursor, which allowed the functional integration of the polymer and NCs. Consequently, polymer/NC composites with almost any Commission Internationale de L’Eclairage (CIE) coordinates can be achieved by simply changing the size and amount of the NCs. In particular, when the emission wavelength of the CdTe NCs was 559 nm, a pure white-light emitting material with CIE coordinates (0.337, 0.332) was obtained.[IMAGE]

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanophysics
Physical Science > Nano objects
Material Science > Nanochemistry
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
ID Code:9433
Deposited By:JNCASR
Deposited On:22 Sep 2010 11:06
Last Modified:22 Sep 2010 11:06

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