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Effect of Crystallographic Texture on Magnetic Characteristics of Cobalt Nanowires

Maaz, K. and Karim, S. and Usman, M. and Mumtaz, A. and Liu, J. and Duan, J. L. and Maqbool, M. (2010) Effect of Crystallographic Texture on Magnetic Characteristics of Cobalt Nanowires. Nanoscale Research Letters, 5 (7). pp. 1111-1117.

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/57838x876136v6...

Abstract

Cobalt nanowires with controlled diameters have been synthesized using electrochemical deposition in etched ion-track polycarbonate membranes. Structural characterization of these nanowires with diameter 70, 90, 120 nm and length 30 μm was performed by scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction techniques. The as-prepared wires show uniform diameter along the whole length and X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that [002] texture of these wires become more pronounced as diameter is reduced. Magnetic characterization of the nanowires shows a clear difference of squareness and coercivity between parallel and perpendicular orientations of the wires with respect to the applied field direction. In case of parallel applied field, the coercivity has been found to be decreasing with increasing diameter of the wires while in perpendicular case; the coercivity observes lower values for larger diameter. The results are explained by taking into account the magnetocrystalline and shape anisotropies with respect to the applied field and domain transformation mechanism when single domain limit is surpassed.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanophysics
Physical Science > Nano objects
Material Science > Nanochemistry
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
ID Code:9379
Deposited By:JNCASR
Deposited On:27 Sep 2010 08:06
Last Modified:27 Sep 2010 08:06

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