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First principles calculation of electronic structure, bonding and chemical stability of TiB2, NbB2 and their ternary alloy Ti0.5Nb0.5B2

Hamdad, N. and Benosman, N. and Bouhafs, B. (2010) First principles calculation of electronic structure, bonding and chemical stability of TiB2, NbB2 and their ternary alloy Ti0.5Nb0.5B2. Physica B: Condensed Matter, 405 (2). 540 - 546.

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TVH...

Abstract

The metal diboride family has been systematically studied in recent years due to the discovery of superconductivity for magnesium diboride MgB2 at 39 K. TiB2 is the most stable of several titanium–boron compounds, due to its high hardness, extreme melting point and chemical inertness. TiB2 is a candidate for a number of applications; it is used for wear parts and in composites with other materials. In combination with other primarily oxide ceramics, TiB2 is used to constitute composite materials in which the presence of the material serves to increase the strength and fracture toughness of the matrix. In our paper, the electronic structure of AlB2-type transition metal diboride of TiB2, NbB2 and their ternary alloy Ti0.5Nb0.5B2 have been calculated by using the full potential linearized augmented plane wave method with local orbitals (APW+lo). We included the exchange correlation potential by using both the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and the local density approximation (LDA), respectively, as embodied in the Wien2 K in full relativistic version. The electronic structure is discussed and the rigid band model is shown to provide a fairly good description. The Ti-3d and Nb-4d electron are treated as valence electrons. We explained in some detail the bonding nature of our compounds. The existence of the pseudogap in the total densities is found to be a common feature of these compounds, but we found that the pseudogap at Fermi-levels of TiB2 is the competing effect of Ti-3d resonance and strong hybridization between Ti-3d and B-2p states. The variation of the chemical stabilities of these diborides is analysed. The results are compared with other theoretical and experimental work.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Density functional theory; Local density approximation LDA; Generalized gradient approximation GGA; Full-potential linearized augmented plane wave method with local orbital; Transition metals diborides; AlB2 structure
Subjects:Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:9346
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:08 Jun 2010 16:47
Last Modified:08 Jun 2010 16:47

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