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Doping single-walled carbon nanotubes through molecular charge-transfer: a theoretical study

Manna, Arun K. and Pati, Swapan K. (2010) Doping single-walled carbon nanotubes through molecular charge-transfer: a theoretical study. nanoscale .

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Abstract

We study the effect of the molecular charge transfer on the electronic structure of metallic (5,5) and semiconducting (8,0) single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) induced by surface adsorption of various organic donor–acceptor molecules of different affinities using ab initio density functional theory. Our results, obtained from first-principles spin-polarized calculations show that the adsorption of molecules with different affinities reflects the difference in interaction strength that measure the overall energy of adsorption. Moderate values of the binding energy of these surface adsorbed molecular charge-transfer complexes suggest that the nature of interaction is in the physisorption regime, and mainly governs by Coulombic forces. We also find that the large band gap of semiconducting (8,0) SWNT can be tuned through the surface adsorption of selective organic molecules which gives rise to mid-gap localized molecular levels near the Fermi energy with tuning of band gap region. Interestingly, we find that the metallic (5,5) SWNT and semiconducting (8,0) SWNT turn into semiconducting and metallic nanotubes respectively in presence of selective surface adsorbed molecules, corroborating recent experimental findings. We also suggest that these charge transfer effect can be probed through optical conductivity measurement, as the low-frequency profiles are affected by charge transfer.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:9328
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:02 Jun 2010 18:14
Last Modified:02 Jun 2010 18:14

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