Nano Archive

Nonstoichiometric Titanium Oxides via Pulsed Laser Ablation in Water

Huang, Chang-Ning and Bow, Jong-Shing and Zheng, Yuyuan and Chen, Shuei-Yuan and Ho, New Jin and Shen, Pouyan (2010) Nonstoichiometric Titanium Oxides via Pulsed Laser Ablation in Water. NANOSCALE RESEARCH LETTERS, 5 (6). pp. 972-985. ISSN 1931-7573 (Print) 1556-276X (Online)

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Titanium oxide compounds TiO, Ti2O3, and TiO2 with a considerable extent of nonstoichiometry were fabricated by pulsed laser ablation in water and characterized by X-ray/electron diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy. The titanium oxides were found to occur as nanoparticle aggregates with a predominant 3+ charge and amorphous microtubes when fabricated under an average power density of ca. 1 × 108 W/cm2 and 1011 W/cm2, respectively followed by dwelling in water. The crystalline colloidal particles have a relatively high content of Ti2+ and hence a lower minimum band gap of 3.4 eV in comparison with 5.2 eV for the amorphous state. The protonation on both crystalline and amorphous phase caused defects, mainly titanium rather than oxygen vacancies and charge and/or volume-compensating defects. The hydrophilic nature and presumably varied extent of undercoordination at the free surface of the amorphous lamellae accounts for their rolling as tubes at water/air and water/glass interfaces. The nonstoichiometric titania thus fabricated have potential optoelectronic and catalytic applications in UV–visible range and shed light on the Ti charge and phase behavior of titania-water binary in natural shock occurrence.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:9281
Deposited By:M T V
Deposited On:03 Jun 2010 14:26
Last Modified:03 Jun 2010 14:26

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