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Evaluation of DNA damage and cytotoxicity of polyurethane-based nano- and microparticles as promising biomaterials for drug delivery systems

Caon, Thiago and Zanetti-Ramos, Betina Giehl and Lemos-Senna, Elenara and Cloutet, Eric and Cramail, Henri and Borsali, Redouane and Soldi, Valdir and Simões, Cláudia Maria Oliveira (2010) Evaluation of DNA damage and cytotoxicity of polyurethane-based nano- and microparticles as promising biomaterials for drug delivery systems. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12 (5). pp. 1655-1665.

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Abstract

The in vitro cytotoxicity and DNA damage evaluation of biodegradable polyurethane-based micro- and nanoparticles were carried out on animal fibroblasts. For cytotoxicity measurement and primary DNA damage evaluation, MTT and Comet assays were used, respectively. Different formulations were tested to evaluate the influence of chemical composition and physicochemical characteristics of particles on cell toxicity. No inhibition of cells growth surrounding the polyurethane particles was observed. On the other hand, a decrease of cell viability was verified when the anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was used as droplets stabilizer of monomeric phase. Polyurethane nanoparticles stabilized with Tween 80 and Pluronic F68 caused minor cytotoxic effects. These results indicated that the surface charge plays an important role on cytotoxicity. Particles synthesized from MDI displayed a higher cytotoxicity than those synthesized from IPDI. Size and physicochemical properties of the particles may explain the higher degree of DNA damage produced by two tested formulations. In this way, a rational choice of particles’ constituents based on their cytotoxicity and genotoxicity could be very useful for conceiving biomaterials to be used as drug delivering systems.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Polyurethane particles - Cytotoxicity - DNA damage - MTT assay - Comet assay - Nanomedicine - Safety
Subjects:NanoSafety > Environment, health and safety aspects of nanotechnology
Biomedical Science > Nanomedicine
ID Code:9236
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:08 Jun 2010 17:37
Last Modified:08 Jun 2010 17:37

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