Salem, Hatem Fikry (2010) Nanotechnology Research Center: A SCIENTIFIC REPORT. Masters thesis, University of Alexandria.
Advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology promise to have major implications for health, wealth, and peace in the upcoming decades. Knowledge in this field is growing worldwide, leading to fundamental scientific advances. Governments around the world are constantly striving to establish and maintain an advantage in new and rapidly emerging technologies. This competitive quest for technological preeminence requires the construction of world-class nanoscale research buildings, the education and training of next-generation students, and the creation of a knowledge base that will fuel economic development for the next 50 years. This research Highlight the technical requirements and design features that emerge in the design of nanoscale research buildings and cleanrooms supporting nanoscale science and technology. The research is divided into three parts; starting in chapter one by defining nanotechnology and looking at some scientific terms and basic concepts. In chapter 2 we present the strategy and design elements required in constructing buildings to support nanotechnology research. Finally chapter 3 provides two notable projects of nanotechnology centers. The following is a summary as follows: 1. Nano, Greek for “dwarf,” means one billionth. A nanometer is one-billionth of a meter, and dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nm are known as the nanoscale. Nanotechnology concerned with controlling the properties of materials by working on the scale of a few nanometres, or the size of a few atoms., on nanometer scale, materials or structures may possess new physical properties or exhibit new physical phenomena. These new physical properties or phenomena will not only satisfy everlasting human curiosity, but also promise new advancement in technology. The most important aspect of nanotechnology is that it is a ‘bottom up’ technology. This means that instead of taking our usual ‘top down’ approach, we work in a way that is closer to the method nature uses for creating materials. In conjunction with the advent of nanotechnology, there was the need for new and innovative measurement techniques that provide a reliable metric at the nanoscale. So we offer the most important methods of operation and application of tools instruments used in nanotechnology, to identify the most important techniques used in nanotechnology research centers and absorb the impact of the surrounding environment, which will be the main factor in determining the technical requirements in the design of buildings and laboratories supporting nanotechnology field. 2. Designing buildings to house nanotechnology research presents a multitude of wellrecognized challenges to architectural and engineering design teams, from environmental control to spatial arrangements to operational functionality. New buildings focused on the practice of nanotechnology reflect a pressing need to develop advanced techniques to enable reliable work at the nanoscale. These needs include high levels of accuracy in temperature and humidity control, vibration and acoustic isolation, air cleanliness and quality of electric power. This chapter addresses the state of emerging guidelines and recommended practices and discusses the array of technical and human criteria that emerge in the design of laboratories and cleanrooms supporting nanoscale science and technology. XII Abstract XIII 3. State-of-the art nanotechnology buildings have recently constructed are presented in this chapter. The NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) has constructed the most technologically advanced facilities in the world, the Advanced Measurement Laboratory. According to NSET (National Science and Technology Council, Executive Office of the President) in 2004. The AML support industry and the scientific community for key 21st century technologies such as nanotechnology, semiconductors, biotechnology, advanced materials, quantum computing and advanced manufacturing. Purdue’s Birck Nanotechnology Center. We shall present one more facility, the recently constructed Birck Nanotechnology Center at Purdue University (by HDR Architecture, Inc.). It is 220,000 sq. ft and contains Class 10, 100, and 1000 clean rooms. There are over 100 labs and modules and nearly 100 faculties from 24 schools or departments participate in research at the facility. The objective of this report is to create the knowledge needed to understand nanotechnology, and provide guidance on the domain of architecture and construction of nanotechnology research buildings where our new facilities try to keep pace with the Nano Age. In order to enable our country catch up with the nations in the Global high-tech race.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Masters)|
|Subjects:||Technology > Nanotechnology and environmental applications|
Engineering > Nanotechnology applications in civil engineering
NanoSafety > Environment, health and safety aspects of nanotechnology
|Deposited By:||Lesley Tobin|
|Deposited On:||01 Jun 2010 15:16|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2010 15:16|
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