Nano Archive

Room temperature synthesis of an optically and thermally responsive hybrid PNIPAM-gold nanoparticle

Morones J.and Frey, Wolfgang (2010) Room temperature synthesis of an optically and thermally responsive hybrid PNIPAM-gold nanoparticle. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12 (4). pp. 1401-1414.

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Composites of metal nanoparticles and environmentally sensitive polymers are useful as nanoactuators that can be triggered externally using light of a particular wavelength. We demonstrate a synthesis route that is easier than grafting techniques and allows for the in situ formation of individual gold nanoparticles encapsulated by an environmentally sensitive polymer, while also providing a strong interaction between the polymer and the metal particle. We present a one-pot, room-temperature synthesis route for gold metal nanoparticles that uses poly-N-isopropyl acrylamide as the capping and stabilizing agent and ascorbic acid as the reducing agent and achieves size control similar to the most common citric acid synthesis. We show that the composite can be precipitated reversibly by temperature or light using the non-radiative decay and conversion to heat of the surface plasmon resonance of the metal nanoparticle. The precipitation is induced by the collapse of the polymer cocoon surrounding each gold nanoparticle, as can be seen by surface plasmon spectroscopy. The experiments agree with theoretical models for the heat generation in a colloidal suspension that support fast switching with low laser power densities. The synthesized composite is a simple nanosized opto-thermal switch.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:9160
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:13 May 2010 12:54
Last Modified:13 May 2010 13:19

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