Nano Archive

Energy dissipation and transport in nanoscale devices

Pop, Eric (2010) Energy dissipation and transport in nanoscale devices. Nano Research, 3 (3). pp. 147-169.

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Understanding energy dissipation and transport in nanoscale structures is of great importance for the design of energy-efficient circuits and energy-conversion systems. This is also a rich domain for fundamental discoveries at the intersection of electron, lattice (phonon), and optical (photon) interactions. This review presents recent progress in understanding and manipulation of energy dissipation and transport in nanoscale solid-state structures. First, the landscape of power usage from nanoscale transistors (~10–8 W) to massive data centers (~109 W) is surveyed. Then, focus is given to energy dissipation in nanoscale circuits, silicon transistors, carbon nanostructures, and semiconductor nanowires. Concepts of steady-state and transient thermal transport are also reviewed in the context of nanoscale devices with sub-nanosecond switching times. Finally, recent directions regarding energy transport are reviewed, including electrical and thermal conductivity of nanostructures, thermal rectification, and the role of ubiquitous material interfaces.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nanowire, nanotube, interface, thermal transport, rectification, thermoelectric, power dissipation
Subjects:Physical Science > Nano objects
Physical Science > Nanoelectronics
Engineering > Nanotechnology applications in ICT
ID Code:9021
Deposited By:Lesley Tobin
Deposited On:14 May 2010 14:27
Last Modified:14 May 2010 14:28

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