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Probing the electrochemical behaviour of SWCNT-cobalt nanoparticles and their electrocatalytic activities towards the detection of nitrite at acidic and physiological pH conditions

Abolanle, S and Jeseelan, P and Ozoemena, k (2009) Probing the electrochemical behaviour of SWCNT-cobalt nanoparticles and their electrocatalytic activities towards the detection of nitrite at acidic and physiological pH conditions. Electrochimica Acta, 55 . pp. 4319-4327. ISSN 0013-4686

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Official URL: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/electacta

Abstract

The electrochemical decoration of edge plane pyrolytic graphite electrode (EPPGE) with cobalt and cobalt oxide nanoparticles integrated with and without single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) is described. Successful modification of the electrodes was confirmed by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), AFM and EDX techniques. The electron transfer behaviour of the modified electrodeswas investigated in [Fe(CN)6]3−/4− redox probe using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and discussed. The study showed that cobalt nanoparticles modified electrodes exhibit faster electron transfer behaviour than their oxides. The catalytic rate constant (K) obtained at the EPPGE–SWCNT–Co for nitrite at pH7.4 and 3.0 are approximately the same (∼3×104 cm3 mol−1 s−1) while the limits of detection (LoD = 3.3δ/m) are in the µM order. From the adsorption stripping voltammetry, the electrochemical adsorption equilibrium constant β was estimated as (13.0±0.1)×103M−1 at pH 7.4 and (56.7±0.1)×103M−1 at pH 3.0 while the free energy change (∆G◦) due to the adsorption was estimated as −6.36 and −10.00 kJ mol−1 for nitrite at pH 7.4 and 3.0, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:8963
Deposited By:Mr Saleh Khamlich
Deposited On:14 Jan 2011 08:14
Last Modified:14 Jan 2011 08:14

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