Nano Archive

Arsenic adsorption on nanocrystalline goethite: the natural example of bolar earths from Mt Amiata (Central Italy)

Manasse, A. and Viti, C. (2007) Arsenic adsorption on nanocrystalline goethite: the natural example of bolar earths from Mt Amiata (Central Italy). ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY, 52 (7). pp. 1365-1374.

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/3614l258806616...

Abstract

Bolar earths deposits from Mt Amiata (Central Italy) consist of nanosized pseudo-spherical goethite, with average crystal size of 10-15 nm (as determined by X-ray powder diffraction and transmission electron microscopy observations), possibly associated to amorphous silica and minor sheet silicates, quartz and feldspars. Chemical analyses revealed high As contents (up to 7.4 wt% As2O5), thus indicating the occurrence of a potentially dangerous contaminant. Arsenic doesn't occur as a specific As phase, but it is strictly associated with goethite nanocrystals. Eh and pH measurements suggest that As occurs as arsenate anions (H2AsO4- and HAsO42-), which are easily and strongly adsorbed to goethite surfaces. The high specific surface area, resulting from goethite nanosize, and the absence of competitive anions explain the extremely efficient adsorption of arsenate and the anomalously high As content in bolar earths. Overall physical/chemical data suggest stable arsenate adsorption, with very limited risk for As release to the environment.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:bolar earths; Arsenic; adsorption; goethite nanocrystals; Mt Amiata
Subjects:Technology > Nanotechnology and environmental applications
Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:892
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:04 Dec 2008 17:12
Last Modified:05 Jan 2009 17:13

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