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ZERO CARBON ARCHITECTURE: The future challenges & the Nanotechnology solutions

Mohamed, Ahmed Mohamed Magdy (2010) ZERO CARBON ARCHITECTURE: The future challenges & the Nanotechnology solutions. Masters thesis, Faculty of Engineering, University of Alexandria.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Global warming is already taking place and has become the biggest challenge of our time. The challenge is to find ways for the world to switch from a path of increasing emissions to a path of more high advanced technologies (nanotechnologies) where the majority of the GHG emissions are eliminated. [91] The concept of green buildings is mainly the idea of how to save energy consumption in buildings and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. [1] Buildings have a significant impact on energy use and environment. Commercial and residential buildings use almost 40% of the primary energy and approximately 70% of the electricity in the United States (EIA 2005). The energy used by the building sector continues to increase, primarily because new buildings are constructed faster than old ones are retired. Electricity consumption in the commercial building sector doubled between 1980 and 2000, and is expected to increase another 50% by 2025 (EIA 2005). [2] The Kyoto Protocol (2005) is a protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), aimed at fighting warming. The objective of the Kyoto climate change conference was to establish a legally binding international agreement, whereby all the participating nations commit themselves to tackling the issue of global warming and GHG emissions. The target agreed upon was an average reduction of 5.2% from 1990 levels by the year 2012. [3] The 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference, commonly known as the Copenhagen Summit, The document recognized that climate change is one of the greatest challenges of the present day and that actions should be taken to keep any temperature increases to below 2°C. The document is not legally binding and does not contain any legally binding commitments for reducing CO2 emissions. The implementation of the Copenhagen Accord will be reviewed by 2015. This will take place about a year-and-a-half after the next scientific assessment of the global climate by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). [4]

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Research Submitted to the Department of Architecture Faculty of Engineering-University of Alexandria In partial fulfillment of the requirement of the degree of Master of Engineering in Architecture Engineering
Subjects:Technology > Nanotechnology and environmental applications
Engineering > Nanotechnology applications in civil engineering
ID Code:8900
Deposited By:Lesley Tobin
Deposited On:23 Apr 2010 11:01
Last Modified:23 Apr 2010 11:01

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