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A newly developed Fe-doped calcium sulfide nanoparticles with magnetic property for cancer hyperthermia

Wu, Steven Yueh-Hsiu and Tseng, Ching-Li and Lin, Feng-Huei (2010) A newly developed Fe-doped calcium sulfide nanoparticles with magnetic property for cancer hyperthermia. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12 (4). pp. 1173-1185.



In this study, a magnetic iron-doped calcium sulfide (Fe–CaS) nanoparticle was newly developed and studied for the purpose of hyperthermia due to its promising magnetic property, adequate biodegradation rate, and relatively good biocompatibility. Fe–CaS nanoparticles were synthesized by a wet chemical co-precipitation process with heat treatment in a N2 atmosphere, and were subsequently cooled in N2 and exposed to air at a low temperature. The crystal structure of the Fe–CaS nanoparticles was similar to that of the CaS, which was identified by an X-ray diffractometer (XRD). The particle size was less than 40 nm based on a Debye–Scherrer equation and transmission electron microscope (TEM) examination. Magnetic properties obtained from the SQUID magnetometer demonstrated that the synthesized CaS was a diamagnetic property. Once the Fe ions were doped, the synthesized Fe–CaS converted into paramagnetism which showed no hysteresis loop. Having been heated above 600 °C in N2, the Fe–CaS showed a promising magnetic property to produce enough energy to increase the temperature for hyperthermia. 10 mg/ml of the Fe–CaS was able to generate heat to elevate the media temperature over 42.5 °C within 6 min. The area of the hysteresis loop increased with the increasing of the treated temperature, especially at 800 °C for 1 h. This is because more Fe ions replaced Ca ions in the lattice at the higher heat treatment temperature. The heat production was also increasing with the increasing of heat treatment temperature, which resulted in an adequate specific absorption ratio (SAR) value, which was found to be 45.47 W/g at 37 °C under an alternative magnetic field of f = 750 KHz, H = 10 Oe. The in vitro biocompatibility test of the synthesized Fe–CaS nanoparticles examined by the LDH assay showed no cytotoxicity to 3T3 fibroblast. The result of in vitro cell hyperthermia shows that under magnetic field the Fe–CaS nanoparticles were able to generate heat and kill the CT-26 cancer cells significantly. We believe that the developed Fe–CaS nanoparticles have great potential as thermo-seeds for cancer hyperthermia in the near future.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nano objects
Physical Science > Nanomagnetics
Biomedical Science > Nanomedicine
ID Code:8873
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:07 Jul 2010 10:13
Last Modified:19 Aug 2010 13:37

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