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Influence of synthesis method on structural and magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles

Gyergyek, Saso and Makovec, Darko and Kodre, Alojz and Arcon, Iztok and Jagodic, Marko and Drofenik, Miha (2010) Influence of synthesis method on structural and magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12 (4). pp. 1263-1273. ISSN 1388-0764

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Abstract

The Co-ferrite nanoparticles having a relatively uniform size distribution around 8nm were synthesized by three different methods. A simple co-precipitation from aqueous solutions and a co-precipitation in an environment of microemulsions are low temperature methods (50°C), whereas a thermal decomposition of organo-metallic complexes was performed at elevated temperature of 290°C. The X-ray diffractometry (XRD) showed spinel structure, and the high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) a good crystallinity of all the nanoparticles. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) showed the composition close to stoichiometric (~CoFe2O4) for both co-precipitated nanoparticles, whereas the nanoparticles prepared by the thermal decomposition were Co-deficient (~Co0.6Fe2.4O4). The X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) analysis showed Co valence of 2+ in all the samples, Fe valence 3+ in both co-precipitated samples, but average Fe valence of 2.7+ in the sample synthesized by thermal decomposition. The variations in cation distribution within the spinel lattice were observed by structural refinement of X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS). Like the bulk CoFe2O4, the nanoparticles synthesized at elevated temperature using thermal decomposition displayed inverse spinel structure with the Co ions occupying predominantly octahedral lattice sites, whereas co-precipitated samples showed considerable proportion of cobalt ions occupying tetrahedral sites (nearly 1/3 for the nanoparticles synthesized by co-precipitation from aqueous solutions and almost 1/4 for the nanoparticles synthesized in microemulsions). Magnetic measurements performed at room temperature and at 10K were in good agreement with the nanoparticles composition and the cation distribution in their structure. The presented study clearly shows that the distribution of the cations within the spinel lattice of the ferrite nanoparticles, and consequently their magnetic properties are strongly affected by the synthesis method used.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanomagnetics
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:8864
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:07 Jul 2010 12:09
Last Modified:19 Aug 2010 08:46

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