Nano Archive

Influences of electrolytes and glucose on formulation of carbonate apatite nanocrystals for efficient gene delivery to mammalian cells

Hossain, Sharif and Tada, Seiichi (2010) Influences of electrolytes and glucose on formulation of carbonate apatite nanocrystals for efficient gene delivery to mammalian cells. ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY . ISSN 0003-2697

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Abstract

Genetic manipulation of human cells through delivery of a functional gene or a gene-silencing element is an attractive approach to treat critical diseases very precisely and effectively. Extensive research on the genetic basis of human diseases with complete sequencing of human genome has revealed many vital genes as possible targets in gene therapy programs. On the other hand, to facilitate cell- or tissue-directed delivery of genes and gene-silencing nucleic acid sequences, both genetic and chemical engineering approaches have led to the generation of various viral and nonviral carriers. However, considering the issues of both safety and efficacy, none of the existing vectors is an ideal candidate for clinical use. We recently established pH-sensitive inorganic nanocrystals of carbonate apatite with capability of efficient intracellular delivery and release of associated DNA molecules for subsequent protein expression. Here we show a new synthetic approach for carbonate apatite crystals with stronger affinity toward DNA, leading to significant increment in both transgene delivery and expression. Moreover, CaCl2 and NaCl, existing as the major electrolytes in the bicarbonate-buffered solution, dose-dependently govern particle size and eventually internalization and expression of particle-associated DNA.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Biomedical Science > Nanobiotechnology
Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:8738
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:27 Mar 2010 08:19
Last Modified:27 Mar 2010 08:19

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