Nano Archive

Influence of purity and surface oxidation on cytotoxicity of multiwalled carbon nanotubes with human neuroblastoma cells

Vittorio, Orazio and Raffa, Vittoria and Cuschieri, Alfred (2009) Influence of purity and surface oxidation on cytotoxicity of multiwalled carbon nanotubes with human neuroblastoma cells. Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine, 5 (4). 424 - 431.

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There are conflicting data concerning the safety and biocompatibility of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). In some reports CNTs have been used for gene delivery without significant toxicity, whereas in others various cytotoxic effects were observed, including induction of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), DNA damage, and apoptosis. Although it is clear that CNT production methods, purity, and functionalization treatments impact on biocompatibility, most of the published reports lack detailed characterization of the CNT samples used. We investigated the effect of various physicochemical features of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on toxicity and biocompatibility with cultured human neuroblastoma cells by using MTT, WST-1, Hoechst, and oxidative stress assays. In vitro experiments confirm that after 3 days of incubation with three different types of CNTs dispersed in Pluronic F127 solution, 0.01% cell viability is not affected and apoptosis and ROS are not induced in the SH-SY5Y cells. With prolonged cultures and continued propagation in the presence of MWCNTs, the loss of cell viability was minimal for pure MWCNTs (99% purity), but cell proliferation decreased significantly for 97% purity MWCNTs and acid-treated MWCNTs (97% purity, surface oxidation 8%); no intracellular ROS were detected. When the concentration of CNTs increases, purity and surface oxidation seem to affect cell viability (ED25 is 48, 34.4, and 18.4 μg/mL, respectively, for 99% purity MWCNTs, 97% purity MWCNTs, and acid-treated 97% purity MWCNTs. Our results indicate that concentrations of 5–10 μg/mL MWCNTs seem ideal for studies on the design and development of artificial MWCNT nanovectors for gene and drug therapy against cancer.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Multiwalled carbon nanotubes; Cell viability; Reactive oxygen species; Apoptosis; Human neuroblastoma cells
Subjects:Biomedical Science > Nanomedicine
ID Code:8582
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:22 Apr 2010 11:10
Last Modified:22 Apr 2010 11:10

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