Nano Archive

Encapsulation of curcumin in alginate-chitosan-pluronic composite nanoparticles for delivery to cancer cells

Das, Ratul Kumar and Kasoju, Naresh and Bora, Utpal (2010) Encapsulation of curcumin in alginate-chitosan-pluronic composite nanoparticles for delivery to cancer cells. Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine, 6 (1). 153 - 160.

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B7MDB...

Abstract

We report a nanoformulation of curcumin with a tripolymeric composite for delivery to cancer cells. The composite nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by using three biocompatible polymers—alginate (ALG), chitosan (CS), and pluronic—by ionotropic pre-gelation followed by polycationic cross-linking. Pluronic F127 was used to enhance the solubility of curcumin in the ALG-CS NPs. Atomic force and scanning electron microscopic analysis showed that the particles were nearly spherical in shape with an average size of 100 ± 20 nm. Fourier transform–infrared analysis revealed potential interactions among the constituents in the composite NPs. Encapsulation efficiency (%) of curcumin in composite NPs showed considerable increase over ALG-CS NPs without pluronic. The in vitro drug release profile along with release kinetics and mechanism from the composite NPs were studied under simulated physiological conditions for different incubation periods. A cytotoxicity assay showed that composite NPs at a concentration of 500 μg/mL were nontoxic to HeLa cells. Cellular internalization of curcumin-loaded composite NPs was confirmed from green fluorescence inside the HeLa cells. The half-maximal inhibitory concentrations for free curcumin and encapsulated curcumin were found to be 13.28 and 14.34 μM, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Curcumin; Nanoparticles; Pluronic F127; Hydrophilic; HeLa
Subjects:Biomedical Science > Nanomedicine
ID Code:8571
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:22 Apr 2010 11:40
Last Modified:22 Apr 2010 11:40

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