Nano Archive

Microflow reactor synthesis of palladium nanoparticles stabilized with poly(benzyl ether) dendron ligands

Torigoe, Kanjiro and Watanabe, Yohsuke and Endo, Takeshi and Sakai, Kenichi and Sakai, Hideki and Abe, Masahiko (2010) Microflow reactor synthesis of palladium nanoparticles stabilized with poly(benzyl ether) dendron ligands. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12 (3). pp. 951-960.

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Abstract

A simple glass capillary microflow reactor system has been applied for the synthesis of palladium nanoparticles by thermal decomposition of palladium acetate (Pd(OAc)2) in diphenyl ether in the presence of poly(benzyl ether) dendron ligands (PBED Gn-NH2, n = 1–3) as a stabilizer. Effect of hydrodynamic parameters (capillary diameter, linear flow rate, volume flow rate, and reaction temperature) and concentrations (precursor and stabilizer) on the particle size was investigated. The particle size can be controlled by varying linear flow rate and temperature as well as ligand/precursor concentration ratio. Volume flow rate does not affect the particle size when the linear flow rate is held constant for different capillary diameters (150–320 μm). Unlike batch systems, in this microreactor system, smaller particles are produced at low ligand concentrations when the molar ratio of the ligand to metal precursor ranged from 1 to 5. As another characteristic of the microreactor synthesis, the concentration of the Pd precursor can be increased (up to 27 mM) with maintaining a constant particle size (3.1 ± 0.2 nm) and a good monodispersity, while in the batch system a significant increase and broadening in the particle size are observed with increasing precursor concentration. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11051-009-9645-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:8464
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:05 Dec 2010 20:31
Last Modified:06 Dec 2010 11:26

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