Nano Archive

An experimental investigation into the thermal conductivity enhancement in oxide and metallic nanofluids

Patel, Hrishikesh E. and Sundararajan, T. and Das, Sarit K. (2010) An experimental investigation into the thermal conductivity enhancement in oxide and metallic nanofluids. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12 (3). pp. 1015-1031.

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One of the reasons for the controversy on the thermal conductivity enhancement of nanofluids is the lack of extensive data over a wide range of parameters. In the present study, a comprehensive experimental dataset is obtained for thermal conductivity of nanofluids with variation in nanoparticle material, base liquid, particle size, particle volume fraction and suspension temperature. Transient hot wire (THW) equipment as well as Temperature Oscillation equipment are developed for the measurement of thermal conductivity of liquids. The measurements show that, in general, thermal conductivity values of all the nanofluids are higher than that of the equivalent macro-particle suspensions. Metallic nanofluids are found to give higher enhancements than that of oxide nanofluids. Particle size is found to have a tremendous impact on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids with enhancement in the thermal conductivity increasing almost inversely with reduction in the particle size. Increase in temperature significantly increases the thermal conductivity of a nanofluid. It is also observed that the thermal conductivity of nanoparticle suspensions is relatively higher at lower volume fractions, thereby giving a non-linear dependence on the particle volume fraction.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:8457
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:05 Dec 2010 20:31
Last Modified:06 Dec 2010 11:26

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