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The effect of the averaged structural and energetic features on the cohesive energy of nanocrystals

Safaei, Ali (2010) The effect of the averaged structural and energetic features on the cohesive energy of nanocrystals. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12 (3). pp. 759-776.

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Abstract

The size dependency of the cohesive energy of nanocrystals is obtained in terms of their averaged structural and energetic properties, which are in direct proportion with their cohesive energies. The significance of the effect of the geometrical shape of nanoparticles on their thermal stability has been discussed. The model has been found to have good prediction for the case of Cu and Al nanoparticles, with sizes in the ranges of 1–22 nm and 2–22 nm, respectively. Defining a new parameter, named as the surface-to-volume energy-contribution ratio, the relative thermal stabilities of different nanoclusters and their different surface-crystalline faces are discussed and compared to the molecular dynamic (MD) simulation results of copper nanoclusters. Finally, based on the size dependency of the cohesive energy, a formula for the size-dependent diffusion coefficient has been presented which includes the structural and energetic effects. Using this formula, the faster-than-expected interdiffusion/alloying of Au(core)–Ag(shell) nanoparticles with the core–shell structure, the Au-core diameter of 20 nm and the Ag-shell thickness of 2.91 nm, has been discussed and the calculated diffusion coefficient has been found to be consistent with its corresponding experimental value.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:8441
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:05 Dec 2010 20:31
Last Modified:06 Dec 2010 11:26

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