Nano Archive

Effect of Cd and S sources on the morphologies of CdS synthesized by solvothermal reactions in mixed solvents

Phuruangrat, Anukorn and Thongtem, Titipun and Thongtem, Somchai (2009) Effect of Cd and S sources on the morphologies of CdS synthesized by solvothermal reactions in mixed solvents. Current Applied Physics .

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Abstract

CdS (hcp) was solvothermally synthesized from different Cd and S sources (Cd(NO3)2, CdCl2, Cd(CH3COO)2, (NH4)2S, CH3CSNH2, NH2CSNH2 and CH5N3S) at 200 °C in mixed solvents of ethylenediamine and butylamine. The phase was detected using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED). The SAED pattern is in accordance with that of the simulation. Scanning and transmission electron microscopies (SEM and TEM) revealed the presence of different products consisting of nano-wires, nano-rods and tetra-pods controlled by Cd and S sources. High resolution TEM (HRTEM) showed that the products grew in [0 0 1] direction that was both parallel with and normal to their (1 0 0) and (0 0 2) planes, respectively. Raman spectra showed the same fundamental and overtone modes at 300 and 600 cm−1, respectively.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanophysics
ID Code:8296
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:27 Feb 2010 15:41
Last Modified:27 Feb 2010 15:41

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