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Fe-Ni Nanoparticles supported on carbon nanotube-co-cyclodextrin polyurethanes for the removal of trichloroethylene in water

Krause, Rui W. M. and Mamba, Bhekie B. and Dlamini, Langelihle N. and Durbach, Shane H. (2010) Fe-Ni Nanoparticles supported on carbon nanotube-co-cyclodextrin polyurethanes for the removal of trichloroethylene in water. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12 (2). pp. 449-456. ISSN 1388-0764 (Print) 1572-896X (Online)

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/j4q904qj645657...

Abstract

Nanoscale bimetallic particles of nickel on iron were supported on carbon nanotubes and then co-polymerized with β-cyclodextrin (CNTs/CD) and the resulting polymers applied to the degradation of pollutants in water. The bimetallic nanoparticles (BMNPs) were first embedded on functionalized carbon nanotubes (f-CNTs) before being copolymerized with beta cyclodextrin (β-CD) and hexamethylene diisocyanate (HMDI) forming a water-insoluble polyurethane. The particle size and distribution of BMNPs were determined by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and the surface area was determined by using the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) method. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS) was used to confirm the formation of the BMNPs. Degradation of trichloroethylene (TCE) as a model pollutant was studied and more than 98% reduction in TCE was achieved by the polymers. Polymers with the BMNPs maintained their efficiency in degrading TCE after several cycles compared to metal-free polymers. The degradation was monitored by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), while the production of chlorides was verified by using ion chromatography (IC). Atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) was employed to determine the possible leaching of the BMNPs from the polymer, and confirmed to be extremely low.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanophysics
Physical Science > Nano objects
Material Science > Nanochemistry
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
ID Code:8208
Deposited By:JNCASR
Deposited On:10 Feb 2010 10:02
Last Modified:21 May 2010 10:53

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