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Comparison of the performances of dye-sensitized solar cells based on different TiO2 electrode nanostructures

Bwana, Nicholas N. (2009) Comparison of the performances of dye-sensitized solar cells based on different TiO2 electrode nanostructures. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 11 (8). pp. 1917-1923.

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/y6748445767772...

Abstract

This article reports on the performances of dye-sensitized solar cells based on three different working electrode structures, i.e., (i) sintered TiO2 nanoparticles (20–40 nm diameters), (ii) ordered arrays of TiO2 nanotubules (150 nm external diameters and 80 nm internal diameters), and (iii) ordered arrays of TiO2 nanorods (150 nm diameters). Even though the highest short-circuit current density was achieved with systems based on TiO2 nanotubules, the most efficient cells were those based on ordered arrays of TiO2 nanorods. This is probably due to higher open-circuit photovoltage values attained with TiO2 nanorods than with TiO2 nanotubules. The nanorods are thicker than the nanotubules and therefore the injected electrons, stored in the trap states of the inner TiO2 molecules, are shielded from recombination with holes in the redox electrolyte at open circuit. The high short-circuit photocurrent densities seen in the ordered TiO2 systems can be explained by the fact that, as opposed to the sintered nanoparticles, the parallel and vertical orientation of the ordered nanostructures provide well-defined electrons percolation paths thus significantly reduce the diffusion distance and time constant.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Electrode - Nanorods - Nanotubules - Sintered - Efficiency - Solar energy conversion
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanoelectronics
Technology > Manufacturing processes for nanotechnology
Technology > Nanotechnology and energy applications
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:7976
Deposited By:IoN
Deposited On:05 Jan 2010 14:20
Last Modified:05 Jan 2010 14:20

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