Nano Archive

As(V) remediation using electrochemically synthesized maghemite nanoparticles

Park, Hosik and Myung, Nosang V. and Jung, Haeryong and Choi, Heechul (2009) As(V) remediation using electrochemically synthesized maghemite nanoparticles. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 11 (8). pp. 1981-1989.

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/u880938u844t00...

Abstract

Maghemite nanoparticles were electrochemically synthesized from environmentally benign solutions in ambient conditions and utilized to remediate As(V) from aqueous solution. The average size and surface area of the maghemite nanoparticles were controlled to be 11–23 nm and 41–49 m2 g−1, respectively, by adjusting applied current density. The point of zero charge and crystallinity were independent of size. The effect of size and environmental conditions (i.e., maghemite nanoparticles content, contact time, and solution pH) on the adsorption of As(V) were systematically investigated. Similar to As(V) remediation using zero valent iron nanoparticles (NZVI), the kinetics of adsorption were best described by the pseudo first order model where the remediation is limited by the mass transfer of As(V) to adsorption sites of maghemite. The adsorption was spontaneous and endothermic which fitted with the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The results observed in batch study indicate that maghemite nanoparticles were suitable adsorbent for remediating As(V) concentration to the limit (10 μg l−1) recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Maghemite - Adsorption - As(V) - Nanoparticles - Electrochemical synthesis - Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms - Environment - EHS
Subjects:Technology > Nanotechnology and environmental applications
Physical Science > Nanophysics
NanoSafety > Environment, health and safety aspects of nanotechnology
Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:7970
Deposited By:IoN
Deposited On:05 Jan 2010 16:10
Last Modified:05 Jan 2010 16:10

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