Nano Archive

Preparation of nano-Cu2O/TiO2 photocatalyst from waste printed circuit boards by electrokinetic process

Xiu, FR and Zhang, FS (2009) Preparation of nano-Cu2O/TiO2 photocatalyst from waste printed circuit boards by electrokinetic process. JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS , 172 (2-3). 1458 -1463. ISSN 0304-3894

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Abstract

It is difficult for separation and reutilization of Cu in waste printed circuit boards (PCBs) due to the heterogeneous mix of polymer materials, multiple kinds of metals and glass fiber. In this study, waste PCBs were pretreated by supercritical water oxidation (SCWO), then introduced into an electrokinetic (EK) system with nano-TiO2 suspension as catholyte. In the EK process, Cu could be leached and reduced separately from the complicated multi-metal system in cathode compartment, and Cu2O could be formed in nano-size on TiO2 surface. The properties of the composite catalysts Cu2O/TiO2 were examined and their photocatalytic efficiencies were determined for methylene blue (MB) degradation. The results indicated that the catalytic effect increased with increasing EK preparation time but decreased afterwards. The most effective catalyst (4.53 wt.% Cu2O/TiO2), whose degradation ability was found to be much higher in comparison with commercial P25, was prepared by 6 h EK treatment. It was found that the loading of Cu2O on TiO2 surface could greatly enhance the photocatalytic effect of the catalyst. It is believed that the EK technology is effective and green for direct preparation of high value-added Cu nanocomposite materials from waste PCBs or other Cu-rich wastes. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:7886
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:25 Dec 2009 15:11
Last Modified:18 Feb 2010 16:55

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