Nano Archive

Removal of arsenic from water by supported nano zero-valent iron on activated carbon

Zhu, HJ and Jia, YF and Wu, X and Wang, H (2009) Removal of arsenic from water by supported nano zero-valent iron on activated carbon. JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS , 172 (2-3). pp. 1591-1596. ISSN 0304-3894

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Abstract

Nano-sized zero-valent iron is an effective adsorbent for arsenic removal from drinking water. However, its application may be limited in public water system and small scale water treatment system due to its tiny particle size. In the present work, nanoscale zero-valent iron was supported onto activated carbon (NZVI/AQ by impregnating carbon with ferrous sulfate followed by chemical reduction with NaBH4. Approximate 8.2 wt% of iron was loaded onto carbon and SEM analysis showed that the iron particles in the pores of carbon were needle-shaped with the size of 30-500 x 1000-2000 nm. Kinetics study revealed that adsorption of arsenite and arsenate by NZVI/AC was fast in the first 12 h and the equilibrium was achieved in similar to 72 h. The adsorption capacity of the synthesized sorbent for arsenite and arsenate at pH 6.5 calculated from Langmuir adsorption isotherms in batch experiments was 18.2 and 12.0 mg/g, respectively. Phosphate and silicate markedly decreased the removal of both arsenite and arsenate, while the effect of other anions and humic acid was insignificant. Common metal cations (Ca2+, Mg2+) enhanced arsenate adsorption but ferrous iron (Fe2+) was found to suppress arsenite adsorption. NZVI/AC can be effectively regenerated by elution with 0.1 M NaOH.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:7884
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:25 Dec 2009 15:06
Last Modified:25 Dec 2009 15:06

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