Suzuki, Hiroshi and Toyooka, Tatsushi and Ibuki, Yuko (2007) Simple and easy method to evaluate uptake potential of nanoparticles in mammalian cells using a flow cytometric light scatter analysis. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 41 (8). pp. 3018-3024.
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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es0625632?prev...
Many classes of nanoparticles have been synthesized and widely applied, however, there is a serious lack of information concerning their effects on human health and the environment. Considering that their use will increase, accurate and cost-effective measurement techniques for characterizing ``nanotoxicity'' are required. One major toxicological concern is that nanoparticles are easily taken up in the human body. In this study, we developed a method of evaluating the uptake potential of nanosized particles using flow cytometric light scatter. Suspended titanium dioxide (TiO2) particles (5, 23, or 5000 nm) were added to Chinese hamster ovary cells. Observation by confocal laser scanning microscopy showed that the TiO2 particles easily moved to the cytoplasm of the cultured mammalian cells, not to the nucleus. The intensity of the side-scattered light revealed that the particles were taken up in the cells dose-, time-, and size-dependently. In addition, surface-coating of TiO2 particles changed the uptake into the cells, which was accurately reflected in the intensity of the side-scattered light. The uptake of other nanoparticles such as silver (Ag) and iron oxide (Fe3O4) also could be detected. This method could be used for the initial screening of the uptake potential of nanoparticles as an index of ``nanotoxicity''.
|Subjects:||Technology > Nanotechnology and environmental applications|
Risk > Environment, health and safety aspects of nanotechnology
|Deposited By:||Farnush Anwar|
|Deposited On:||05 Dec 2008 14:21|
|Last Modified:||05 Dec 2008 14:21|
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