Nano Archive

Increase of critical current density with doping carbon nano-tubes in YBa2Cu3O7-delta

Dadras, S. and Liu, Y. and Chai, Y. S. and Daadmehr, V. and Kim, K. H. (2009) Increase of critical current density with doping carbon nano-tubes in YBa2Cu3O7-delta. PHYSICA C-SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND ITS APPLICATIONS, 469 (1). pp. 55-59. ISSN 0921-4534

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The effects of carbon nano-tubes (CNTs) on the crystal structure and superconducting properties of YBa2Cu3O7-delta (Y-123) compound were studied. Samples were synthesized using standard solid-state reaction technique by adding CNT up to 1 wt% and X-ray diffraction data confirm the single phase orthorhombic structure for all the samples. Current-voltage measurements in magnetic fields up to 9 T were used to study the pinning energy U-J and critical current density J(c) as a function of magnetic field at fixed temperature. We find that while T-c does not change much with the CNT doping (91-92 K), both U-J and J(c) increase systematically up to 0.7 wt% CNT doping in a broad magnetic field ranges between 0.1 and 9 T and J(c) in the 0.7 wt% CNT doped sample is at least 10 times larger than that of the pure Y-123. The scanning electron microscope image shows that CNTs are forming an electrical-network between grains. These observations suggest that the CNT addition to the Y-123-compounds improve the electrical connection between superconducting grains to result in the J(c) increase. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanophysics
Physical Science > Nano objects
Material Science > Nanochemistry
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
ID Code:7766
Deposited By:JNCASR
Deposited On:05 Feb 2010 06:28
Last Modified:05 Feb 2010 06:28

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