Garza, Kristine M. and Soto, Karla F. and Murr, Lawrence E. (2008) Cytotoxicity and reactive oxygen species generation from aggregated carbon and carbonaceous nanoparticulate materials. International journal of nanomedicine, 3 (1). pp. 83-94. ISSN 1176-9114
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We have investigated the cytotoxicity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation for indoor and outdoor soots: candle, wood, diesel, tire, and natural gas burner soots--along with surrogate black carbon, various multiwall carbon nanotube aggregate materials, TiO2 (anatase) and chrysotile asbestos as reference materials. All soots were observed utilizing TEM and FESEM to be composed of aggregated, primary spherules (20-80 nm diameter) forming complex, branched fractal structures. These spherules were composed of intercalated, turbostratic arrangements of curved graphene fragments with varying concentrations ofpolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) isomers. In vitro cultures with an immortalized human lung epithelial carcinoma cell line (A549) treated with these materials showed decreased cell viability and variations in ROS production, with no correlations to PAH content. The data demonstrate that soots are cytotoxic and that cytotoxicity is not related to PAH content but is related to ROS generation, suggesting that soot induces cellular oxidative stress and that cell viability assays can be indicators of ROS production.
|Subjects:||Risk > Environment, health and safety aspects of nanotechnology|
|Deposited By:||Lesley Tobin|
|Deposited On:||07 Jan 2009 16:43|
|Last Modified:||02 Mar 2009 14:36|
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