Nano Archive

Behavioral and physiological changes in Daphnia magna when exposed to nanoparticle suspensions (titanium dioxide, nano-C-60, and C(60)HxC(70)Hx)

Lovern, Sarah B. and Strickler, J. Rudi and Klaper, Rebecca (2007) Behavioral and physiological changes in Daphnia magna when exposed to nanoparticle suspensions (titanium dioxide, nano-C-60, and C(60)HxC(70)Hx). ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 41 (12). pp. 4465-4470.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es062146p

Abstract

Little is known about the impact manufactured nanoparticles will have on aquatic organisms. Previously, we demonstrated that toxicity differs with nanoparticle type and preparation and observed behavioral changes upon exposure to the more lethal nanoparticle suspensions. In this experiment, we quantified these behavioral and physiological responses of Daphnia magna at sublethal nanoparticle concentrations. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) and fullerenes (nano-C-60) were chosen for their potential use in technology. Other studies suggest that addition of functional groups to particles can affect their toxicity to cell cultures, but it is unknown if the same is true at the whole organism level. Therefore, a fullerene derivative, C(60)HxC(70)Hx, was also used to examine how functional groups affect Daphnia response. Using a high-speed camera, we quantified several behavior and physiological parameters including hopping frequency, feeding appendage and postabdominal curling movement, and heart rate. Nano-C-60 was the only suspension to cause a significant change in heart rate. Exposure to both nano-C-60 and C(60)HxC(70)Hx suspensions caused hopping frequency and appendage movement to increase. These results are associated with increased risk of predation and reproductive decline. They indicate that certain nanoparticle types may have impacts on population and food web dynamics in aquatic systems.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Functional and hybrid materials
Biomedical Science > Nanotechnology for animal health
NanoSafety > Environment, health and safety aspects of nanotechnology
ID Code:759
Deposited By:Farnush Anwar
Deposited On:12 Dec 2008 11:49
Last Modified:14 Jan 2009 17:11

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