Wang, Jun-Xia and Jiang, Dong-Qing and Gu, Zhi-Yuan and Yan, Xiu-Ping (2006) Multiwalled carbon nanotubes coated fibers for solid-phase microextraction of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in water and milk samples before gas chromatography with electron-capture detection. JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A, 1137 (1). pp. 8-14.
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Determination of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in environmental samples has raised great concerns due to the widespread use of PBDEs and their potential risk to humans. Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) is a fast, simple, cost-effective, and green sample preparation technique and is widely used for environmental analysis, but reports on the application of SPME for determination of PBDEs are very limited, and only a few publications dealing with commercial SPME fibers are available for extraction of PBDEs. Herein, we report a novel SPME, method using multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as the SPME fiber coating for gas chromatography with electron-capture detection (GC-ECD) of PBDEs in environmental samples. The MWCNTs coating gave much higher enhancement factors (616-1756) than poly (5% dibenzene-95% dimethylsiloxane) coating (139-384) and activated carbon coating (193-423). Thirty-minute extraction of 10 mL of sample solution using the MWCNTs coated fiber for GC-ECD determination yielded the limits of detection of 3.6-8.6 ng L-1 and exhibited good linearity of the calibration functions (r(2) > 0.995). The precision (RSD%, n = 4) for peak area and retention time at the 500 ng L-1 level was 6.9-8.8% and 0.6-0.9%, respectively. The developed method was successfully applied for the analysis of real samples including local river water, wastewater, and milk samples. The recovery of the PBDEs at 500 ng L-1 spiked in these samples ranged from 90 to 119%. No PBDEs were detected in the river water and skimmed milk samples, whereas in the wastewater sample, 134-215 ng L-1 of PBDEs were found. The PBDEs were detected in all whole fat milk samples, ranging from 13 to 484 ng L-1. In a semiskimmed milk sample, only BDE-47 was found at 21 ng L-1. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||solid-phase microextraction; carbon nanotubes; polybrominated diphenyl ethers; gas chromatography; milk; water|
|Subjects:||Material Science > Functional and hybrid materials|
Technology > Nanotechnology and environmental applications
Risk > Environment, health and safety aspects of nanotechnology
|Deposited By:||Farnush Anwar|
|Deposited On:||15 Dec 2008 11:20|
|Last Modified:||13 Jan 2009 12:26|
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