Nano Archive

Nanoparticles prepared by the sol–gel method and their use in the formation of nanocomposites with polypropylene

Moncada, E and Quijada, R and Retuert, J (2007) Nanoparticles prepared by the sol–gel method and their use in the formation of nanocomposites with polypropylene. Nanotechnology, 18 (33). p. 335606. ISSN 09574484

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Hybrid layered aluminosilicate nanoparticles (HLNP) containing octadecylamine (ODA) as the organic part, and silica nanoparticles with spherical morphology containing ODA (HSNP) or without ODA (SNP) were prepared by the sol–gel method and used for the formation of nanocomposites with polypropylene. The polypropylene matrices, of different molecular weight and polydispersity, were prepared using polymers obtained via Ziegler–Natta or metallocene catalysts. A strong influence of the morphology and the presence of ODA on the surface of the nanoparticles was found on the formation and characteristics of the nanocomposites. The mechanical properties and thermal stability of these materials were determined and compared with those of nanocomposites prepared with 2:1 phylosilicate clays such as montmorillonite and hectorite in similar polymer matrices. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and the study of mechanical properties showed that the use of HLNP allows nanocomposites with considerably improved mechanical properties to be obtained, compared with nanocomposites prepared with exfoliated clays. In the case of nanocomposites prepared with spherical particles functionalized with ODA (HSNP), materials with high specific strength combined with high elongation before rupture were obtained. The thermal stabilization of polypropylene matrices containing the synthesized nanoparticles (HLNP, HSNP or SNP) occurs about 50 °C higher than that attained with clays.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Functional and hybrid materials
ID Code:7365
Deposited By:M T V
Deposited On:09 Nov 2009 14:13
Last Modified:09 Nov 2009 14:13

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