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Novel Nanostructured MnO2 Prepared by Pulse Electrodeposition: Characterization and Electrokinetics

Adelkhani, H and Ghaemi, M and Jafari, S. M (2008) Novel Nanostructured MnO2 Prepared by Pulse Electrodeposition: Characterization and Electrokinetics. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 24 (6). 857-862 . ISSN 1005-0302

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Pulse current technique was applied for the preparation of novel electroactive manganese dioxide and possible influences of different electrokinetic phenomena on material characteristics were discussed. The characterizations of pulse deposited sample (pcMD) were carried out by different techniques: Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method, Raman spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). SEM image revealed that pulse current could improve the current distribution. This was confirmed by AFM images showing a decrease in surface roughness of pcMDs in comparison to amorphous samples, which were deposited by direct current (dcMD). Higher distortion of MnO6 octahedral environment of dcMD was detected by FTIR and Raman spectroscopy. Cyclic voltammetric (CV) measurements showed a generally higher energy level drained from the second electron discharge of pcMD. This is mainly attributed to a higher surface area and a lower diffusion pass of electrons and protons arisen via a rather unique nanostructural arrangement of pcMD grains. Results indicate a higher surface area available for the non homogenous second electron discharge of pcMD grains.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanophysics
Physical Science > Nano objects
Material Science > Nanochemistry
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
ID Code:7317
Deposited By:JNCASR
Deposited On:28 Oct 2009 09:41
Last Modified:28 Oct 2009 09:41

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