Nano Archive

Properties and in vitro biological evaluation of nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan membranes for bone guided regeneration

Chen, XM and Li, YB and Zuo, Y and Zhang, L and Li, JD and Wang, HA (2009) Properties and in vitro biological evaluation of nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan membranes for bone guided regeneration. MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING C-BIOMIMETIC AND SUPRAMOLECULAR SYSTEMS, 29 (1). pp. 29-35. ISSN 0928-4931

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Abstract

Nano-hydroxyapatite(n-HA)/chitosan(CS) composite membranes were prepared by solvent casting and evaporation methods for the function of guided bone regeneration (GBR). The effect of n-HA content and solvent evaporation temperature oil the properties of the composite membranes Was Studied. The n-HA/CS membranes were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, Xray diffraction, swelling measurement, mechanical test, cell culture and MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenylte-2H-tetrazolium bromide) assay. The results show that the surface roughness and micropores of the composite membranes increase with the rise of n-HA content, suitable for adhesion, crawl and growth of cells. The hydroxyapatite holds nano size and distributes uniformly in the composite membranes. Chemical bond interaction exists between Ca ions and -OH groups of n-HA and -NH2 or -OH groups of CS. The n-HA content and solvent evaporation temperature have obvious influence oil the swelling ratio, tensile strength and elongation rate of the composite membranes. Cell Culture and MTT assays show that n-HA and its content can affect the proliferation of cells. The n-HA/CS composite membranes have no negative effect oil the cell morphology, viability and proliferation and possess good biocompatibility. This Study makes the nHA/CS composite membrane be a prospective biodegradable GBR membrane for future applications.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Bio materials
ID Code:7301
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:28 Oct 2009 08:01
Last Modified:28 Oct 2009 08:01

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