Nano Archive

Theoretical studies on structures, 13C NMR chemical shifts, aromaticity, and chemical reactivity of finite-length open-ended armchair single-walled carbon nanotubes

Liu, Lei Vincent and Tian, Wei Quan and Chen, Ya Kun and Zhang, Yu Adam and Wang, Yan Alexander (2009) Theoretical studies on structures, 13C NMR chemical shifts, aromaticity, and chemical reactivity of finite-length open-ended armchair single-walled carbon nanotubes. Nanoscale .

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Abstract

The geometries, chemical shifts, aromaticity, and reactivity of finite-length open-ended armchair single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have been studied within density functional theory. The widely used model of capping hydrogen atoms at the open ends of a SWCNT changes the chemical activity of the SWCNT and destabilizes the frontier molecular orbitals. The edge -orbital of the open ends enhances both - and -aromaticity of the first belt of hexagons of carbon atoms at the open ends. The effect of the open ends on the structure and chemical reactivity of the SWCNT reaches only the first several layers of the hexagons of carbon atoms. Additions of carbene and dichlorocarbene to the nanotube reveal that the open ends have higher reactivities than the inner regions.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:7288
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:28 Oct 2009 05:50
Last Modified:28 Oct 2009 05:50

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