Nano Archive

Microwave-assisted synthesis of Pt/CNT nanocomposite electrocatalysts for PEM fuel cells

Zhang, Weimin and Chen, Jun and Swiegers, Gerhard F. and Ma, Zi-Feng and Wallace, Gordon G. (2009) Microwave-assisted synthesis of Pt/CNT nanocomposite electrocatalysts for PEM fuel cells. Nanoscale .

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Abstract

Microwave-assisted heating of functionalized, single-wall carbon nanotubes (FCNTs) in ethylene glycol solution containing H2PtCl6, led to the reductive deposition of Pt nanoparticles (2.5–4 nm) over the FCNTs, yielding an active catalyst for proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). In single-cell testing, the Pt/FCNT composites displayed a catalytic performance that was superior to Pt nanoparticles supported by raw (unfunctionalized) CNTs (RCNTs) or by carbon black (C), prepared under identical conditions. The supporting single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), functionalized with carboxyl groups, were studied by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), cyclic voltammetry (CV), and Raman spectroscopy. The loading level, morphology, and crystallinity of the Pt/SWNT catalysts were determined using TGA, SEM, and XRD. The electrochemically active catalytic surface area of the Pt/FCNT catalysts was 72.9 m2/g-Pt.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:7280
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:27 Oct 2009 08:48
Last Modified:27 Oct 2009 08:48

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