Nano Archive

Nanotechnology applications in pollution sensing and degradation in agriculture: a review

Baruah, Sunandan and Dutta, Joydeep (2009) Nanotechnology applications in pollution sensing and degradation in agriculture: a review. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 7 . pp. 194-204. ISSN 1610-3653 (print version)

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Abstract

With the rise in the global population, the demand for increased supply of food has motivated scientists and engineers to design new methods to boost agricultural production. With limited availability of land and water resources, growth in agriculture can be achieved only by increasing productivity through good agronomy and supporting it with an effective use of modern technology. Advanced agronomical methods lay stress not only on boosting agricultural produce through use of more effective fertilizers and pesticides, but also on the hygienic storage of agricultural produce. The detrimental effects of modern agricultural methods on the ecosystem have raised serious concerns amongst environmentalists. The widespread use of persistent pesticides globally over the last six decades has contaminated groundwater and soil, resulting in diseases and hardships in non-target species such as humans and animals. The first step in the removal of disease causing microbes from food products or harmful contaminants from soil and groundwater is the effective detection of these damaging elements. Nanotechnology offers a lot of promise in the area of pollution sensing and prevention, by exploiting novel properties of nanomaterials. Nanotechnology can augment agricultural production and boost food processing industry through applications of these unique properties. Nanosensors are capable of detecting microbes, humidity and toxic pollutants at very minute levels. Organic pesticides and industrial pollutants can be degraded into harmless and often useful components, through a process called photocatalysis using metal oxide semiconductor nanostructures. Nanotechnology is gradually moving out from the experimental into the practical regime and is making its presence felt in agriculture and the food processing industry. Here we review the contributions of nanotechnology to the sensing and degradation of pollutants for improved agricultural production with sustainable environmental protection.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nanotechnology • Agriculture • Sensor • Nanoparticle • Pollutant • Degradation • Photocatalysis
Subjects:Technology > Nanotechnology and agricultural applications
ID Code:7208
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:30 Sep 2009 09:30
Last Modified:30 Sep 2009 09:33

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