Nano Archive

Effect of Cationic Surfactant Head Groups on Synthesis, Growth and Agglomeration Behavior of ZnS Nanoparticles

Mehta, S. K. and Kumar, Sanjay and Chaudhary, Savita and Bhasin, K. K. (2009) Effect of Cationic Surfactant Head Groups on Synthesis, Growth and Agglomeration Behavior of ZnS Nanoparticles. Nanoscale Research Letters, 4 (10). pp. 1197-1208.


Official URL:


Colloidal nanodispersions of ZnS have been prepared using aqueous micellar solution of two cationic surfactants of trimethylammonium/pyridinium series with different head groups i.e., cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) and cetyltrimethylpyridinium chloride (CPyC). The role of these surfactants in controlling size, agglomeration behavior and photophysical properties of ZnS nanoparticles has been discussed. UV–visible spectroscopy has been carried out for determination of optical band gap and size of ZnS nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering were used to measure sizes and size distribution of ZnS nanoparticles. Powder X-ray analysis (Powder XRD) reveals the cubic structure of nanocrystallite in powdered sample. The photoluminescence emission band exhibits red shift for ZnS nanoparticles in CTAC compared to those in CPyC. The aggregation behavior in two surfactants has been compared using turbidity measurements after redispersing the nanoparticles in water. In situ evolution and growth of ZnS nanoparticles in two different surfactants have been compared through time-dependent absorption behavior and UV irradiation studies. Electrical conductivity measurements reveal that CPyC micelles better stabilize the nanoparticles than that of CTAC. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11671-009-9377-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:ZnS nanoparticles - CTAC - CPyC - Turbidity - UV irradiation - Photoluminescence - Redispersion
Subjects:Material Science > Nanofabrication processes and tools
Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:7135
Deposited By:Lesley Tobin
Deposited On:12 Nov 2009 16:08
Last Modified:12 Nov 2009 16:08

Repository Staff Only: item control page