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Selective suspension in aqueous sodium dodecyl sulfate according to electronic structure type allows simple separation of metallic from semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes

Moshammer, Kai and Hennrich, Frank and Kappes, Manfred M. (2009) Selective suspension in aqueous sodium dodecyl sulfate according to electronic structure type allows simple separation of metallic from semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes. Nano Research, 2 (8). pp. 599-606.

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/d64072j8xj36j0...

Abstract

Both density gradient centrifugation and gel electrophoresis have been reported to allow high throughput separation of metallic from semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) when using aqueous sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) suspensions. We show here that both methods rely on an initial dispersion-by-sonication step, which is already selective with respect to electronic structure type. The corresponding aqueous SDS “starting” suspensions obtained after sonication and purification by simple centrifugation (70,000 g, 1 h) contain semiconducting SWNTs primarily in the form of small bundles whereas metallic SWNTs are predominantly suspended as individual tubes. Density gradient centrifugation then separates the bundles from the individual tubes on the basis of differences in their overall buoyant densities. Gel electrophoresis separates the longer bundles from the shorter individual tubes on the basis of their different mobilities. We also demonstrate that such starting suspensions can be fractionated according to electronic structure type by even simpler techniques such as size exclusion chromatography or gel filtration, thus opening the way for simple scale-up.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Single-walled carbon nanotubes, metallic–semiconducting separation, electrophoresis, density gradient centrifugation, size exclusion chromatography
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanophysics
Physical Science > Nanoelectronics
ID Code:6911
Deposited By:Lesley Tobin
Deposited On:13 Aug 2009 13:51
Last Modified:13 Aug 2009 13:51

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