Nano Archive

Unusual formation of nano-particles of CdO and Cd(OH)2 from the reaction of dimethyl cadmium with DMF

Singh, Narendra and Charan, Shobhit and Patil, K. R. and Viswanath, A. K. and Khanna, P. K. (2006) Unusual formation of nano-particles of CdO and Cd(OH)2 from the reaction of dimethyl cadmium with DMF. Materials Letters, 60 (29-30). 3492 - 3498.

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This paper presents generation of CdO and Cd(OH)2 nano-particles from Dimethyl Cadmium in DMF. The CdO nano-particles were obtained instead of CdSe, even when the reaction was done in presence of 1,2,3-selenadiazole (the source of selenium) with Me2Cd in DMF (product-I). The direct reaction of Me2Cd in DMF also leads to formation of CdO (product-II). However, Cd(OH)2 nano-particles were obtained when Me2Cd was refluxed in DMF for a few hours followed by reaction of H2S gas (product-III). The formation of Cd(OH)2 was also established via decomposition of Me2Cd:Et2O adduct (product-IV). Nano-particles of CdO and Cd(OH)2 (product-I to product-IV) were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), TEM and SEM/EDS measurements, FTIR, thermal analysis (TGA) and XPS analysis. The particle size of all the products as calculated by XRD patterns were in the range of about 20 nm. TEM images showed that the products are agglomerated clusters with the particles in the nano-meter regime. The synthesis however, is understood to be unusual as the reactions with selenium source and sulfur source should have generated the CdSe and CdS however, the end products were always found to be the product-I to product-IV.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Chemical synthesis; Semiconductor; Nanoparticles; XRD
Subjects:Material Science > Nanofabrication processes and tools
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:6770
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:06 Feb 2010 15:26
Last Modified:06 Feb 2010 15:26

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