Braydich-Stolle, Laura K. and Schaeublin, Nicole M. and Murdock, Richard C. and Jiang, Jingkun and Biswas, Pratim and Schlager, John J. and Hussain, Saber M. (2009) Crystal structure mediates mode of cell death in TiO2 nanotoxicity. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 11 (6). pp. 1361-1374.
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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/e527n707034133...
Certain properties that nanoparticles possess differentiate them from their bulk counterparts, and these characteristics must be evaluated prior to nanoparticle studies and include: size, shape, dispersion, physical and chemical properties, surface area, and surface chemistry. Early nanotoxicity studies evaluating TiO2 have yielded conflicting data which identify either size or crystal structure as the mediating property for nano-TiO2 toxicity. However, it is important to note that none of these studies examined size with the crystal structure composition controlled for or examined crystal structure while controlling the nanoparticle size. The goal of this study was to evaluate the role of size and crystal structure in TiO2 nanotoxicity while controlling for as many other nanoproperties as possible using the HEL-30 mouse keratinocyte cell line as a model for dermal exposure. In the size-dependent studies, all the nanoparticles are 100% anatase, and aggregate sizes were determined in order to take into account the effect of agglomeration on size-dependent toxicity. In addition, varying crystal structures were assessed while the size of the nanoparticles was controlled. We were able to identify that both size and crystal structure contribute to cytotoxicity and that the mechanism of cell death varies based on crystal structure. The 100% anatase TiO2 nanoparticles, regardless of size, induced cell necrosis, while the rutile TiO2 nanoparticles initiated apoptosis through formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS).
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Nanotoxicity - Nano-size - Crystallinity - Keratinocytes - Nanotechnology - Health effects - EHS|
|Subjects:||NanoSafety > Environment, health and safety aspects of nanotechnology|
|Deposited On:||27 Jul 2009 14:18|
|Last Modified:||27 Jul 2009 14:18|
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