Sitprasert, Chatcharin and Dechaumphai, Pramote and Juntasaro, Varangrat (2009) A thermal conductivity model for nanofluids including effect of the temperature-dependent interfacial layer. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 11 (6). pp. 1465-1476.
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The interfacial layer of nanoparticles has been recently shown to have an effect on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids. There is, however, still no thermal conductivity model that includes the effects of temperature and nanoparticle size variations on the thickness and consequently on the thermal conductivity of the interfacial layer. In the present work, the stationary model developed by Leong etÂ al. (J Nanopart Res 8:245â254, 2006) is initially modified to include the thermal dispersion effect due to the Brownian motion of nanoparticles. This model is called the âLeong etÂ al.âs dynamic modelâ. However, the Leong etÂ al.âs dynamic model over-predicts the thermal conductivity of nanofluids in the case of the flowing fluid. This suggests that the enhancement in the thermal conductivity of the flowing nanofluids due to the increase in temperature does not come from the thermal dispersion effect. It is more likely that the enhancement in heat transfer of the flowing nanofluids comes from the temperature-dependent interfacial layer effect. Therefore, the Leong etÂ al.âs stationary model is again modified to include the effect of temperature variation on the thermal conductivity of the interfacial layer for different sizes of nanoparticles. This present model is then evaluated and compared with the other thermal conductivity models for the turbulent convective heat transfer in nanofluids along a uniformly heated tube. The results show that the present model is more general than the other models in the sense that it can predict both the temperature and the volume fraction dependence of the thermal conductivity of nanofluids for both non-flowing and flowing fluids. Also, it is found to be more accurate than the other models due to the inclusion of the effect of the temperature-dependent interfacial layer. In conclusion, the present model can accurately predict the changes in thermal conductivity of nanofluids due to the changes in volume fraction and temperature for various nanoparticle sizes.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Nanofluids - Thermal conductivity - Interfacial layer - Thermal dispersion - Convective heat transfer - Colloids|
|Subjects:||Physical Science > Nanophysics|
|Deposited On:||27 Jul 2009 15:41|
|Last Modified:||27 Jul 2009 15:41|
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